China's Marriage Rate Sank to A New Low: What Are the Causes?

Author: John
Time: 2019/8/22 17:51:42

According to the data of the National Bureau of Statistics and the Ministry of Civil Affairs, the marriage rate in 2018 is only 7.2 ‰, and the figure is the lowest in nearly a decade. 

From the difference between different provinces, the marriage rate is lower in economically developed areas. In 2018, the lowest marriage rate in China was only 4.4 ‰in Shanghai, 5.9 ‰in Zhejiang, and the marriage rate in Guangdong, Beijing, and Tianjin were also on the low side.

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According to a new analysis by Professor of the Institute of Population and Development, Nankai University, who has been engaged in demographic research for more than 30 years, the fundamental reason for the general decline in marriage rate is the structural decrease in the number of married persons. 

At the same time, the increasing average years of education, high housing prices, fierce competition for employment, and the stronger "independence" of, the younger generation have also become "stumbling blocks" in the way of young people getting married.

With the development of urbanization in China, the cost of marriage is rising. The cost of living in economically developed areas is relatively high, and soaring house prices have deterred more and more young people from looking forward to marriage. No house, no car, no money all become the fetters of marriage. The increase in these economic desires forces many young people to accumulate certain wealth to get married. Intense employment competition also led to the delay of marriage.

On the other hand, for much noble bachelordom, they are afraid of returning to poverty after marriage and losing freedom.  In interviews, many women said that they were independent, and there was no need to depend on marriage and men to survive.

The traditional marriage concept of "A man should get married on coming of age, and a girl of age should be married" is facing new challenges.

According to a survey of the Shanghai Women's Federation on the Development of Shanghai Women in the 40 Years of Reform and Opening-up, the average age of first marriage for Shanghai men and women was 30.3 and 28.4 years respectively by 2015, which was 5.0 and 5.4 years higher than 10 years ago, and was equal to the average level of the European Union.

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The reason behind this lies in the improvement of the general level of education in the whole society. "Especially for women, now in Colleges and universities, women with bachelor's or master's degrees account for about half, and women with doctoral degrees account for nearly 40 percent." According to experts Yuan Xin, late marriage and late childbearing have become a common phenomenon.

Changes in communication and diversity of entertainment are exacerbating this phenomenon. People will feel like they do not need to have a family to enjoy the joy of life. The increasingly perfect social security system has also subverted people's traditional concept of "raising children to provide against old age." The whole society is also more inclusive, and all kinds of lifestyles can be accepted by the public. No marriage does not mean that there is no companion.

Late marriage and late childbearing also bring unavoidable problems. Both men and women have the best childbearing age. Women are usually between 25 and 30 years old, while men are between 30 and 35 years old when men are over 40 years old, based on bad habits, sperm problems, diseases, etc. 

The poor quality of sperm and increased probability of chromosomal aberration not only increase the risk of abortions but also increase the probability of newborns suffering from genetic defects and deformities.

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For the sperm and infertility problems caused by bad habits and other diseases, patients can actively carry out treatment, they can choose the conservative natural medicine Diuretic and Anti-inflammatory Pill, while changing bad habits, there is still a great chance to have healthy babies.

In short, from the perspective of the whole society, marriage is not only a personal matter but also closely related to social development. Therefore, on the one hand, society should respect diversified and individualized personal choices, give young people more space, and give more tolerance to postponing marriage and non-marriage. 

On the other hand, the family, society, and the state should also be guided to help young people establish a correct concept of marriage and establish healthy intimate relationships. At the same time, more consideration should be given to education, youth development, and other aspects, so as to create a better marriage and childbearing conditions for young people.

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